Monday, 22 June 2015

'Re-labelling (and a bit)': Dr Peter J Gordon [reblog]

'Re-labelling (and a bit)' by Dr Peter J Gordon on Hole Ousia website:
website link


"I read this book recently [below].

I am approaching fifty. With age-related sight changes I find that my arms need to be longer!. So if I have misread “and a bit”  please do forgive me:

Now we are sixty and a bit

This book reminded my of a protocol issued by an NHS Board that I once worked for:

4 april 2014 all over 65 MUST

As a doctor who tries his best to follow evidence-based medicine, I argued against this dictate. I found that, neither my NHS Board nor indeed that NHS Scotland shared my concerns:

Brian Robson

With the recent publication of the Care Standards for Older People, the Chair of Healthcare Improvement Scotland confirmed:

Letter4b

It would appear to me that this “screening instrument” has been re-labelled.
The 4AT has been developed and promoted as:

010Tools

Recently the 4AT has recently been re-labelled as:

4AT validated UK Gov

The authors  4AT describe its key features:

(1) “brevity” (takes less than 2 minutes”), and

(2) that “no special training is required”

I should confirm that I use rating scales with patients as part of my daily professional life.

However I would never start out with a rating scale. To me, that would seem most disrespectful.

Rating scales (‘tools’ or ‘instruments’ as so recently re-termed) can add to wider medical understanding. This is why, despite my awareness of any intrinsic shortcomings, that I continue to feel that they can be helpful.

The 4AT, an “assessment test”,  is based on “brevity” and the requirement for “no special training”.

The 4AT test, however labelled: can it continue to ignore Wilson Jungner?"

-----------------------------

“OPAC tools are working” on Hole Ousia


Wednesday, 17 June 2015

Public consultation on a Sunshine Act for Scotland: Dr Peter J Gordon [reblog]

Hole Ousia website
Dr Peter J Gordon: Public consultation on a Sunshine Act for Scotland on Hole Ousia, 17 June 2015:

"As petitioner for a Sunshine Act I recently met with the Scottish Health Council regarding consultation with the public on my petition.

Since this meeting I have been reflecting on how the Scottish Health Council may go about such a consultation given the various options that we discussed. I have also sought confirmation as to whether the Scottish Government has allocated any resource for this public consultation.

I share the ambition of the Scottish Government that we seek views as widely as possible across Scotland given the importance of this petition.I think that it would be sensible for the Scottish Health Council to take a variety of interactive approaches and methods.

I am also aware that not everyone is online and so perhaps there is need to consider paper questionnaires which might also be sent to community interest groups.  Another approach would be through qualitative in-depth interviews, semi-structured, with individuals.  This should be with a mix of ages and backgrounds, and geographic areas. It would be sensible to include open-ended questions as well as more direct closed questions.

I wonder if the Scottish Health Council could also target focus groups already in existence and write to them, asking to visit and facilitate a discussion.

My petition has been considered 6 times now by a parliamentary committee and has generated a lot of evidence which has been carefully considered. I would wish, as petitioner, to see a proportionate input on public consultation. My view is that this is an important matter that may have significant consequences for the best possible approach to Scottish citizens requiring healthcare.

I do hope that the Scottish Health Council is given sufficient time and sufficient resources to undertake a meaningful public consultation.

The Scottish Government has repeated several times, that as the petitioner, I am virtually alone as a healthcare worker to have raised concerns about lack of transparency in NHS Scotland. I would strongly suggest that this may reflect the sort of NHS culture that Robert Francis has described in recent reports, where staff are fearful of the consequences of raising issues such as this.

Freedom to speak up

The Scottish health Council asked me if I would attempt a summary to explain the background to this petition and why it might matter to the individual. My first draft of this is below:

Peter-Sunshine,-Jan-2015

Sunshine Act: what is it and why might it matter to you?

In September 2013, Dr Peter J Gordon petitioned the Scottish Parliament to consider introducing a Sunshine Act for Scotland. The parliament has now considered this petition on 6 separate occasions and, having gathered much evidence, now wishes to seek the views of the Scottish public.

A Sunshine Act has been introduced in both France and America. The Act would make it necessary (a statutory requirement) for all healthcare workers and academics to declare any financial interests on a regular basis. These financial interests would be recorded in a single, searchable register that is fully open to the public.

We know that in one year £40 million was paid by the pharmaceutical industry to healthcare workers and academics in the UK. It is likely that approximately £4 million of this was paid to Scottish healthcare workers and academics. Payments most often relate to the provision of sponsored medical education in the forms of honoraria or for being Advisors to Pharmaceutical Boards. The amounts paid to individuals can be significant. One NHS Consultant said to me at an educational meeting “I was paid £3000 for this talk and I do not even prescribe the drug myself”.

The pharmaceutical industry, on average, spends twice as much on marketing activities as it does on innovation and developing new drugs.

Last year, BBC Panorama, did a programme “Who pays your doctor?” It was watched by 2 million viewers. Panorama argued that we expect far higher standards from our politicians than we do from healthcare workers. The concern is that if healthcare workers are “educated” by those whose first loyalty is to shareholders then scientific impartiality may suffer.

Current systems for declaring financial interests are failing in Scotland. No board in NHS Scotland has properly complied with the Scottish Government Guidance on transparency issued more than 12 years ago. Only a tiny proportion of the £4million known to be paid to healthcare workers by the pharmaceutical industry has been recorded in NHS Scotland registers.

Forty-four separate SIGN Guidelines, all currently in operation, have no records of the financial interests of those tasked to draw up the guidelines. This is concerning as these guidelines are generally followed by doctors to inform prescribing decisions for a wide range of medical conditions.

Each year healthcare workers have to ensure they have met professional requirements for continuing medical education. In at least two NHS Boards in Scotland, it is the case that medical education is entirely supported by sponsors such as the pharmaceutical industry. As an example, please see this 2014-15 register:

Education to healthcare workers is also provided through attendance at conferences. Most large conferences include “key opinion leaders” who may have been paid by industry to give their talk. Research for this petition has demonstrated that there is no consistent system for recording such financial conflicts of interest amongst the multiple different responsible bodies, such as the Royal Colleges and other professional bodies.

It has been argued that regulation, such as a Sunshine Act, might be an administrative burden and costly. However a single, central register (rather than multiple failing registers) has been found in the USA and France to be relatively simple to set up and administer. Furthermore a single register will cost significantly less than current multiple systems which all overlap and do not provide anywhere near full transparency.

The Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI) has set up a register of payments to begin next year. Unfortunately any individual can opt out of revealing any payments made to them. Given my research for this petition it is my certain view that the ABPI register will not ensure meaningful transparency and we will have no idea who received the £4million. As a patient you will have no idea if the doctor prescribing medication to you in NHS Scotland has received payments or been educated by those who have received payments.

Our collective healthcare needs to be based on scientific objectivity and such cannot be assured if we have no meaningful transparency. A Sunshine Act is the only way to ensure this."


“This most unusual request” Dr Peter J Gordon [reblog]

“This most unusual request” Dr Peter J Gordon, Hole Ousia website, 16 June 2015

"In August 2013 I read an article published in the BMJ which was entitled Three quarters of guideline panellists have ties to the drug industry”. 

Majority-of-Guideline-panel

I have petitioned the Scottish parliament for a Sunshine Act. My petition seeks a single, searchable register of payments made to healthcare workers and academics. My petition has now been considered 6 times by a parliamentary committee. The committee would appear to be coming to the view that such a register would need to have statutory underpinning (just as they have in France and the USA). However, before any decision is made by parliament, the Scottish Government have asked for wider public consultation.

Peter-Sunshine,-Jan-2015

The Scottish Government and the Cabinet Secretary for Health, Wellbeing and Sport, have made comment that apart from the petitioner the issue of transparency has not been raised by other NHS healthcare professionals. This brings me to this blog-post which might explain why this has been the case.

we-can-find-no-record

In an entirely anonymised way I shall briefly present the narrative behind a senior healthcare professional who served as a key individual in a panel developing a national guideline. Unfortunately no records of financial interests for this guideline exist and so, as part of my research for a Sunshine Act, I wrote politely to this senior healthcare professional asking for the details of any financial conflicts of interest. I was grateful to receive responses but unfortunately found that they were uninformative and defensive. It was however clear from research publications that this individual had received payments from the pharmaceutical industry.

HDL-62

In Scotland, all NHS Chief Executives were written to by the Scottish Government in 2003 asking that they established registers of interests for all employees including GPs. However, across Scotland, for more than 12 years, this guidance has not been followed. In the hope that this senior healthcare worker had declared to his employers, I wrote to the Health Board involved. In doing so they breached my polite request for anonymity . I asked the Health Board if they could forward the evidence of this senior healthcare worker’s declaration to his employers, as expected in HDL 62 and also for GMC Annual Appraisal.
After many months, I received a reply from the NHS Board. This is the relevant section of the reply which confirms there are no entries for this senior healthcare worker who was involved in developing a national guideline which advises on prescribing.

One a

The NHS Board reply encouraged me to consider confidentiality of this senior healthcare worker but made no apology for my anonymity being broken.
The final paragraph of the NHS Board reply apologised for the time taken to look into this but asked me to “appreciate that this is a most unusual request”.

One b

The GMC does not consider it “unusual” to maintain transparency regarding financial conflicts of interest:

GMC on CoI

My experience for researching whether GMC guidance and extant NHS Scotland guidance on transparency have been followed has been most difficult. It has had negative consequences for me and I have felt as if I have been regarded as “unusual” to be concerned about transparency. Robert Francis in his two recent reviews relating to the NHS has talked of ‘a culture of fear’ where healthcare workers are fearful of the consequences of putting patients first. Perhaps then, this is why, other healthcare workers have not raised concerns about transparency of payments made by industry to colleagues.

Freedom to speak up

It would appear from this example that it is possible that authors of prescribing guidelines may have previously been paid by industry. As things stand there is reasonable chance, as a Scottish patient, that the medication you receive has been informed by such a process. And you will have no way of finding out if this is the case."

Friday, 12 June 2015

'More Harm Than Good: Confronting the Psychiatric Medication Epidemic' Conference 18 September 2015 London

London 18 Sep: “More Harm than Good: Confronting the Psychiatric Medication Epidemic” on CEP UK 

"The Council for Evidence-based Psychiatry invites you to join global leaders in the critical psychiatry movement for a one-day conference which will address an urgent public health issue: the iatrogenic harm caused by the over-prescription of psychiatric medications.
University of Roehampton

There is clear evidence that these drugs cause more harm than good over the long term, and can damage patients and even shorten their lives. Yet why are these medications so popular? What harms are they causing? What can be done to address the problem?

This event brings together key experts from both sides of the Atlantic to debate these issues, and we invite you to join the discussion.

Speakers and panellists include: Dr Peter Breggin, Robert Whitaker, Prof Peter Gøtzsche, Dr Joanna Moncrieff, Prof Peter Kinderman, Prof John Abraham and Dr James Davies.

For the programme and detailed information please go to http://cepuk.org/moreharmthangood.

Cost: £85 for delegates, £28 for students, patients / service users and their families (includes lunch)

Location: Whitelands College, University of Roehampton, London SW15 5PU

£70 early bird rate for delegates until 30 June!"

To book your place please follow this link: http://estore.roehampton.ac.uk/browse/extra_info.asp?compid=1&modid=2&catid=172&prodid=217


Conference Programme 18 September 2015 London
 -----------------------------

Deadly Medicines and Organised Crime website:

----------------------------- 

And here is the Denmark Conference Programme, 16 September 2015:

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Deadly Medicines and Organised Crime: This is the homepage of Professor Peter C Gøtzsche, Director of The Nordic Cochrane Centre.  Contact information: www.cochrane.dk.

Peter graduated as a master of science in biology and chemistry in 1974 and as a physician 1984. He is a specialist in internal medicine; worked with clinical trials and regulatory affairs in the drug industry 1975-1983, and at hospitals in Copenhagen 1984-95. He co-founded The Cochrane Collaboration in 1993 and established The Nordic Cochrane Centre the same year. He became professor of Clinical Research Design and Analysis in 2010 at the University of Copenhagen.

Peter has published more than 70 papers in “the big five” (BMJ, Lancet, JAMA, Ann Intern Med and N Engl J Med) and his scientific works have been cited more than 15,000 times. He is author of “Rational Diagnosis and Treatment.  Evidence-Based Clinical Decision-Making” (2007), “Mammography Screening: truth, lies and controversy” (2012), and “Deadly medicines and organised crime: How big pharma has corrupted health care” (2013).

Peter has an interest in statistics and research methodology. He is a member of several groups publishing guidelines for good reporting of research and has co-authored CONSORT for randomised trials (www.consort-statement.org), STROBE for observational studies (www.strobe-statement.org), PRISMA for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (www.prisma-statement.org) and SPIRIT for trial protocols (www.spirit-statement.org). Peter was an editor in the Cochrane Methodology Review Group 1997-2014.


Monday, 8 June 2015

'Haloperidol prescribing to Scotland’s elders' by Dr Peter J Gordon on Hole Ousia [reblog]

Hole Ousia website

Dr Peter J Gordon: 'Haloperidol prescribing to Scotland’s elders' on Hole Ousia, 8 June 2015:

"In a previous post the FOI returns on Haloperidol prescribing in NHS Scotland were shared.  This followed on from my consideration of a BMJ report regarding the scale and potential harms of  such “off-label” prescribing to our elderly in hospital.

Since that time I have had a response from Professor Jason Leitch, National Clinical Director, Healthcare Quality, Scottish Government:

Letter from Prof Leitch
Today I have sent this reply to Professor Leitch:

To: Professor J. Leitch, National Clinical Director, Healthcare Quality,
Healthcare Quality and Strategy Directorate
Planning and Quality Division
St Andrew’s House,
Regent Road,
Edinburgh EH1 3DG
8th June 2015


Dear Professor Leitch,
I was most grateful to receive your letter of reply dated 2nd June 2015.


I thought it best to reply to you to clarify the focus of my concerns. I wish to try and keep my reply short and focussed on the points you raise.

Point ONE:
You state that the Scottish Clinical Advisor for Dementia informed you that the “off-label use of Haloperidol for dementia is not especially unusual”. This would seem to diverge from the this BMJ change page made by NHS England’s National Clinical Director for Dementia, Professor Alastair Burns (I attach the full paper)


Dont use
You cite SIGN 86 guidelines on Dementia. These guidelines were issued 9 years ago and it is stated that “they will be considered for review in three years.” SIGN 86 is specifically for dementia and not delirium. The SIGN website indicates that there is no current plan to update SIGN 86 nor to introduce a Guideline on Delirium:

SIGN 86 was criticised in this research: Knűppel H, Mertz M, Schmidhuber M, Neitzke G, Strech D (2013) Inclusion of Ethical Issues in Dementia Guidelines: A Thematic Text Analysis. PLoS Med 10(8): e1001498. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001498. I find it disappointing that an outdated and flawed guideline is still the basis for prescribing in dementia.

Ethical issues
Point TWO:
Haloperidol prescribing is part of the “Comprehensive Delirium pathway” introduced across NHS Scotland by the Scottish Delirium Association (SDA) and Healthcare Improvement Scotland (OPAC). You will be aware of this as I note that you are giving the key-note talk this week at the conference: Transforming delirium care in the real world”. Over a year ago the Secretary of the Scottish Delirium Association asked me to summarise my views on delirium improvements happening in Scotland. I did so and shared these with the SDA and with OPAC. I am disappointed to note that no reply has been forthcoming. I attach this summary for you with this letter.


Transforming delirium care in the real world
Conclusion:
It is welcome to hear that the Scottish Government are taking actions here. It is the case, by Scottish Government figures, that antipsychotic prescribing is increasing year-on-year in NHS Scotland. I seek improved care for individuals with delirium and dementia. I am concerned that current approaches, along with staff shortages and increased demands on staff time, are making it more rather than less likely that our elders may receive antipsychotic medication that can result in significant harms.

Yours sincerely, Dr Peter J. Gordon

Included with letter:


Sunday, 7 June 2015

A Sunshine Act for Scotland Petition PE1493 by Dr Peter J Gordon: under consideration 9 June 2015 @ScotParl

Dr Peter John Gordon's petition PE01493: A Sunshine Act for Scotland is again under consideration by the Public Petitions Committee in Scottish Parliament on Tuesday 9 June 2015, a 5th time of it being heard by the committee.  The meeting starts at 10.00am:

link to Business Bulletin on Scottish Parliament website


Live Link to Committee Room 4 (James Clerk Maxwell Room) where Public Petitions Committee meeting is being held.

-------------------------------------

Dr Gordon lodged his Sunshine Act for Scotland Petition on 29 September 2013 and gave evidence on 12 November 2013.  Nearly a year later, on 11 November 2014, Dr Gordon's Petition was considered by the Committee for about 2 minutes (I was a spectator at the meeting in the Robert Burns Room), resulting in a letter to Scottish Government.  (Link to Official Report 11 November 2014)

Dr Gordon's Petition was considered for a second time at the Public Petitions Committee Meeting on 27 January 2015, and there was some discussion by MSPs, on this occasion more than 2 minutes worth, with another decision to write to Scottish Government. (Link to Official Report 27 January 2015)

Dr Gordon's Sunshine Act for Scotland Petition went before Scottish Parliament a 4th time on 31 March 2015. (Link to Official Report 31 March 2015)

PE1493: A Sunshine Act for Scotland petition history ScotParl website

Latest letter submission from Dr Peter J Gordon, 2 June 2015:


link to letter on Sunshine Act page ScotParl website

-------------------------------------


Open and transparent from omphalos 21 February 2015


"I have petitioned the Scottish parliament to urge the Scottish Government to introduce a Sunshine Act for Scotland, creating a searchable record of all payments (including payments in kind) to NHS Scotland healthcare workers from Industry and Commerce.

All details can be found here from the Scottish Parliament: 

scottish.parliament.uk/GettingInvolved/Petitions/sunshineact

Further details from my website, Hole Ousia can be found here:

holeousia.wordpress.com/category/medical-writings/pharmaceutical-industry-and-medical-education/

The Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry have recently introduced a "Central Platform" to record payments to healthcare workers. Unfortunately there is an OPT-OUT so it may not provide the transparency that I believe we require when it comes to financial conflicts of interest.

abpi.org.uk/our-work/disclosure/Pages/The-central-platform.aspx
 
Credits:
(1) Radio Scotland, Wednesday 18th February 2015 "Good Morning Scotland"
(2) "Piggy in the Middle" by Belle & Sebastian for BBC Scotland"



-------------------------------------

More of my posts on A Sunshine Act for Scotland:

23 April 2015:my #BMJ Response: 'Sunshine Act for Scotland: transparency, independence and accountability'

18 March 2015: 31 March 2015: Sunshine Act for Scotland Public Petition PE1493 @ScotParl. Again. I'm looking for action.

28 Jan15: my tweets after watching #SunshineAct for Scotland petition being discussed on @ScotParl video 27 January 2015

On Mad in America 23 January 2015:  Sunshine Act for Scotland Petition Goes Before Parliament a 3rd Time

13 November 2013: Sunshine Act for Scotland petition Dr Peter J Gordon, Public Petitions Committee 11 Nov 14 Scottish Parliament (outcome? ask Scottish Government)


#BMJ Letter: 'Corruption impairs discussion on long term use of psychiatric drugs' Robert Whitaker; Lisa Cosgrove

Letters: Long term use of psychiatric drugs

Corruption impairs discussion on long term use of psychiatric drugs

BMJ 2015;350:h2953  (Published 02 June 2015)

Robert Whitaker, journalist, former fellow
Lisa Cosgrove, professor, University of Massachusetts, Boston, and fellow, Edmond J Safra Research Lab

"While debating the important question of whether long term psychiatric drugs cause more harm than good,1 we must remember that results from longer term government funded studies of psychiatric drugs have often been reported in a manner that protects psychiatry’s guild interests, rather than being consistent with the dictates of good science. Here are two brief examples of this corruption.2

Firstly, in the TADS study of depressed adolescents, a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMD) funded trial that helped resurrect the prescribing of fluoxetine in paediatric patients, the researchers reported “no differences between groups in rates of suicidal events” at the end of 36 weeks.3 But careful perusal of figure 1 in a 2009 report shows that 17 of the 18 young people who attempted suicide during the 36 weeks were on fluoxetine at the time.4

Secondly, in the NIMH funded STAR*D study, which was touted as the “largest and longest study ever done to evaluate depression treatment,” the researchers never clearly reported how many patients remitted and did not relapse during the one year maintenance phase. The data presented suggested that 35-40% of the 4041 study patients fell into this best outcomes category.5 However, an independent researcher who used a Freedom of Information request to access the protocol and other study data determined that only 108 patients (3%) were still in remission and in the trial at the end of one year.6 7

Many examples of corruption can be detailed, and it is easy to see why this impairs any societal—or scientific—discussion about the longer term merits of psychiatric drugs."

References















--------------------------------

Full response BMJ: Re: Does Long-Term Use of Psychiatric Drugs Do More Harm Than Good?
Robert Whitaker, Lisa Cosgrove; 20 May 2015


Friday, 5 June 2015

“Costometer”: Dr Peter J Gordon #HoleOusia [reblog]

Dr Peter J Gordon; “Costometer” on Hole Ousia, 4 June 2015

"I recently noted this request:

costometer2
Anybody who has read my writings on Hole Ousia will be aware that I have a dislike of the current mechanical language that would seem to be particularly favoured by healthcare improvers. So I am not convinced that a tool like a “costometer” (had it been invented) would manage to measure the outcomes that really count!

Did you know
It is my impression that we seem to have many more conferences today than we once did. Sometimes it is the case that one finds that these conferences involve the same speakers covering well rehearsed topics. One such recurrent topic is “awareness”.

It often seems to me that there may be less “awareness” of interests that may lie behind such conferences. Here, please do not be tempted to think that I am referring to the pharmaceutical industry alone. It is the case that many conferences today are those organised by charities, Royal Colleges, health improvers, third sector agencies and by government bodies.

The “costometer” is an invented tool. If it did exist, could it really measure the true value of all these conferences?"